Keratoconus is a puzzling eye condition that few people understand. If you suffer from this condition, you’re undoubtedly feeling the negative effects on your sight. Keratoconus can cause severe myopia and astigmatism. Keratoconus treatments vary, depending on the severity of your condition. The following FAQs compiled by Lickteig Family Eye Care can shed more light on this eye condition, its causes, symptoms, and treatment.
What Is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is a condition where the cornea of your eye bulges outward like a cone, as opposed to maintaining a spherical shape in the front of your eye. This odd, cone-shaped cornea changes the way your eye refracts light, resulting in severe myopia or astigmatism. A severely deformed cornea can crack and swell, making your vision even worse.
What Causes Keratoconus?
In a normal eye, collagen fibers in the cornea help maintain its round shape so it can properly refract light. If you have keratoconus, these fibers are too weak to support the shape of the cornea, causing it to bulge out. Various factors can cause keratoconus to include eye injuries, excessive rubbing, genetics, overexposure to UV light, and allergies.
What Are the Symptoms of Keratoconus?
Keratoconus symptoms include blurry or distorted vision, sensitivity to light, difficulty driving after dark, appearance of halos (especially at night) around lights, eye strain, and eye irritations that cause pain or itching which results in rubbing that can further aggravate your condition. You may find yourself changing eyeglass prescriptions often after the onset of this condition. Generally, both eyes are affected by keratoconus with one eye displaying worse symptoms than the other.
How Is This Condition Treated?
Once the cornea of your eye starts to bulge outward, it won’t be possible to correct your vision with eyeglasses. Mild cases of keratoconus, however, can be treated with specialty contact lenses. Other treatments include corneal cross-linking, implants called Intacs, LASIK surgery, or corneal transplant. At Lickteig Family Eye Care, we’ll carefully monitor your condition and recommend the most effective treatment for you.
Can Keratoconus Be Cured?
There is currently no cure for this condition. Most cases, however, can be managed successfully with the help of your optometry team. Scleral contacts have been highly effective in correcting refractions caused by moderate cases of keratoconus. For advanced cases, cross-linking and surgical procedures can help control symptoms. By working closely with our eye care specialists from Lickteig Family Eye Care, you can preserve your vision despite this condition.
See Your Boston/Medford/Natick Eye Doctor for Keratoconus Diagnosis and Treatment
To schedule a consultation for diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus, contact your optometry specialists at Lickteig Family Eye Care today! For our Boston office, call 617-988-8136. To contact our Natick center, call 508-653-0919. For our Medford office, call 781-350-7008. We’re here to meet your eye care needs.